31 March, 2008

Spanish Missions

A mission, from the Latin missum (English: sent), is a school or other institution founded for religious education and/or evangelization. Various missions were established by the Spanish in the New World (modern Latin America, mostly) as they colonized it, often slightly tweaked due to regional differences. The missions served as a base for both administering colonies as well as spreading Christianity.

SOURCE:
List of Spanish missions Wikipedia Entry

30 March, 2008

Shrine

A shrine, from the Latin scrinium (‘box’; also used as a desk, like the French bureau) was originally a container, usually made of precious materials, used especially for a relic and often a cult image. By extension it has come to mean a holy or sacred place containing the reliquary or tomb dedicated to a particular hero, martyr, saint or similar figure of awe and respect. Shrines may be enclosures within temples, home altars, and sacred burial places.

As distinguished from a temple, a shrine usually houses a particular relic or cult image, which is the object of worship or veneration, or is constructed to set apart a site which is thought to be particularly holy, as opposed to being placed for the convenience of worshippers. Shrines therefore attract the practice of pilgrimage.

SOURCE:

Shrine Wikipedia Entry

29 March, 2008

Roman Catholic Church

The Roman Catholic Church, officially known as the Catholic Church, is the world's largest Christian church and represents over half of all Christians and one-sixth of the world's population. The Church looks to the Pope, currently Benedict XVI, as its highest human authority in matters of faith, morality and Church governance.The Church community is composed of an ordained ministry and the laity.

SOURCE:
Catholic Church Wikipedia Entry

28 March, 2008

Presbyterian Church

Presbyterianism is a family of Christian denominations within the Reformed branch of Protestant Western Christianity. Presbyterians believe that churches are buildings to come to worship God. The decor in some instances may be austere so as not to detract from worship; however, many Presbyterian churches in North America, Scotland and France can be rather ornate in appearance.

The differing factor from a Presbyterian church and a Roman Catholic church may be the placement of saints and very ornate statues and altars that the Roman church may still retain. In a Presbyterian (Reformed Church) one will not usually find a Crucifix hanging behind the Chancel. However, one may find stained glass windows that depict the crucifixion, behind a chancel.

SOURCE:
Presbyterianism Wikipedia Entry

27 March, 2008

Orthodox Church

The term Orthodox Christianity may refer to:

* The Eastern Orthodox Church: the Eastern Christian churches of Byzantine tradition that adhere to the seven Ecumenical Councils, and are in full communion with the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople and with each other.

* The Oriental Orthodox Churches: the Eastern Christian churches adhering to the teachings of only the first three Ecumenical Councils (plus the Second Council of Ephesus).

* Eastern Christianity: Any Christian tradition tracing its origins to the East (the Balkans, Asia Minor, the Middle East, Eastern Europe, etc.) including the Eastern Catholic churches.

SOURCE:
Eastern Orthodox Church Wikipedia Entry

26 March, 2008

Mosque

A mosque is a place of worship for followers of Islam. The primary purpose of the mosque is to serve as a place where Muslims can come together for prayer and some other activities of their life (i.e, a centre for information, education, and dispute settlement). The Imam leads the prayer. Nevertheless, mosques are known around the world nowadays for their general importance to the Muslim community as well as their demonstration of Islamic architecture. Today, most mosques have elaborate domes, minarets, and prayer halls. Mosques originated on the Arabian Peninsula, but now exist on all the world's inhabited continents. They are not only places for worship and prayer, but also places to learn about Islam and meet fellow believers.

SOURCE:
Mosque Wikipedia Entry

25 March, 2008

Buddhist temple

Buddhist temples include the structures called stupa, wat and pagoda in different regions and languages. Temples in Buddhism represent the pure land or pure environment of a Buddha. Traditional Buddhist Temples are designed to inspire inner and outer peace.

SOURCE:
Buddhist temples Wikipedia Entry

24 March, 2008

Hindu temple

A Hindu temple or Mandir is a house of worship for Hindus, followers of Hinduism. They are usually specifically reserved for religious and spiritual activities.

A Hindu temple can be a separate structure or a part of a building. A feature of most temples is the presence of murtis of the Hindu deity to whom the temple is dedicated. They are usually dedicated to one primary deity, called the presiding deity, and other subordinate deities associated with the main deity. However, some temples are dedicated to several deities, and some have symbols instead of a murti.

SOURCE:
Hindu temple Wikipedia Entry

23 March, 2008

Kingdom Hall

Kingdom Hall is the term for the meeting place for Jehovah's Witnesses. The term was first suggested in 1935 by Joseph Franklin Rutherford, then president of the Watch Tower Society, for a building in Brooklyn, New York. Jehovah's Witnesses use Kingdom Halls for the majority of their worship and Bible instruction.

Kingdom Halls vary in size and design. They are usually modest, functional structures with practicality in mind. As Witnesses do not use religious symbols, such are not displayed on or in Kingdom Halls. An annual Yeartext, or "theme scripture", which is the same for all congregations of Jehovah's Witnesses worldwide, is prominently displayed in each Kingdom Hall. Most Kingdom Halls have a literature counter, where publications are displayed, stored and dispensed to members of the congregation. There are more than 20,000 Kingdom Halls around the world.

SOURCE:
Kingdom Hall of Jehovah's Witnesses Wikipedia Entry

22 March, 2008

Reformed churches

The Reformed churches are a group of Christian Protestant Denominations formally characterized by a similar Calvinist system of doctrine, historically related to the churches which first arose especially in the Swiss Reformation led by Huldrych Zwingli and soon afterward appeared in nations throughout Western and Central Europe. Each nation in which the Reformed movement was originally established had its own church government. Several of these national churches have expanded to worldwide denominations and most have experienced splits into multiple denominations. Commitment to teaching the original Calvinism usually continues to be reflected in their official definitions of doctrine, but in some cases is no longer necessarily typical of these churches. A 1999 survey found 746 Reformed denominations worldwide.

SOURCE:
Reformed churches Wikipedia Entry

21 March, 2008

Chapel

A chapel is a holy place or area of worship for Christians, which may be attached to an institution such as a large church, a college, a hospital, a palace, a prison or a cemetery, or may be free-standing and unattached to another building.

Architecturally, a chapel may be a part of a large church set aside for some specific use or purpose. In Roman Catholic Canon Law a chapel, technically called an "oratory" is a space dedicated to the celebration of services, particularly the Mass, which is not a parish church. This may be a private chapel, for the use of one person or a select group (a bishop's private chapel, or the chapel of a convent, for instance); a semi-public oratory, which is partially available to the general public (a seminary chapel that welcomes visitors to services, for instance); or a public oratory (for instance, a hospital or university chapel).

SOURCE:
Chapel Wikipedia Entry

20 March, 2008

Cathedral

A cathedral (Lat. cathedra, "seat") is a Christian church that contains the seat of a bishop. It is a religious building for worship, specifically of a denomination with an episcopal hierarchy, such as the Roman Catholic, Anglican, Orthodox and some Lutheran churches, which serves as a bishop's seat, and thus as the central church of a diocese.

The role of the cathedral is chiefly to serve God in the community, through its hierarchical and organisational position in the church structure. The plan of a cathedral generally takes the form of a cross which has both symbolic meaning and is functional in terms of church worship, allowing space for clergy, choir, chapels, processions a pipe organ and other activities and objects associated with cathedral tradition.

Many cathedral buildings are very famous for their architecture and have local and national significance, both artistically and historically. Many are listed among the UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

SOURCE:
Cathedral Wikipedia Entry

19 March, 2008

Basilica

The Latin word basilica (derived from Greek, Basiliké Stoà, Royal Stoa), was originally used to describe a Roman public building, usually located in the forum of a Roman town. After the Roman Empire became officially Christian, the term came by extension to refer to a large and important church that has been given special ceremonial rites by the Pope.

The Early Christian purpose-built basilica was the cathedral basilica of the bishop. Basilicas in this sense are divided into classes, the major ("greater"), and the minor basilicas, i.e., three other patriarchal and several pontifical minor basilicas in Italy, and over 1,400 lesser basilicas on all continents.

Major or papal basilicas belong just four great papal churches of Rome. Upon relinquishing the title of Patriarch of the West, Pope Benedict XVI renamed these basilicas from "Patriarchal Basilicas" to "Papal Basilicas". The lesser minor basilicas are the vast majority, including some cathedrals, many technically parish churches, some shrines, some abbatial or conventual churches. Some oratories, semi-private places of worship, have been raised to the status of minor basilica.

SOURCE:

Basilica Wikipedia Entry

18 March, 2008

Abbey

This time I will be showing all my churches (places of worship) postcards. Frist, I will be giving a brief description of some of the places of worship or religious buildings, and then after that my postcards.

An
abbey (from Latin abbatia, derived from Syriac abba, "father"), is a Christian monastery or convent, under the government of an Abbot or an Abbess, who serves as the spiritual father or mother of the community.

Originally the term monastery designated, both in the East and in the West, the dwelling either of a solitary or of a community. Monasteries took their names from either their locality, their founders, or from some monk whose life has shed lustre upon them; and later, from some saint whose relics were there preserved, or who was locally an object of special veneration. The first monks generally settled in solitary places, away from the haunts of men, though sometimes they were to be found also in cities like Alexandria, Rome, Carthage, and Hippo.

SOURCES:
Abbey Wikipedia Entry
Catholic Encyclopedia: Abbey Entry

17 March, 2008

Kowloon-Canton Railway Terminal Postcard

The Kowloon-Canton Railway refers to a railway network in Hong Kong which is now combined with The MTR Railway system, comprising rapid transit services, a light rail system and feeder bus routes within Hong Kong, and intercity passenger and freight train services to the rest of China.

Kowloon-Canton Railway Terminal Postcard

The Kowloon-Canton Railway Terminal was completed in 1915. The building was torn down in 1978, but built in Hung Hom (by the cross-harbour tunnel), Kowloon.

SOURCE:
Kowloon-Canton Railway Wikipedia Entry

16 March, 2008

Ninoy Aquino International Airport Postcard

The Ninoy Aquino International Airport or NAIA is the main international gateway for travelers to the Philippines and is the hub for all Philippine airlines. In 2007, the airport handled 21,261,133 passengers. This placed the airport 59th worldwide in terms of passenger traffic.

Ninoy Aquino International Airport Postcard

Originally named Manila International Airport, it was later renamed to its present name on August 17, 1987, by virtue of Republic Act No. 6639, with the intention of honoring Benigno "Ninoy" Aquino, Jr., who was assassinated at the airport after returning to the Philippines from his self-imposed exile in the United States on August 21, 1983.

Terminals: Terminal 1, Terminal 2 (Centennial Terminal), Terminal 3

SOURCE:
Ninoy Aquino International Airport Wikipedia Entry

15 March, 2008

Suvarnabhumi Airport Postcard

Suvarnabhumi Airport, also known as (New) Bangkok International Airport, is the international airport serving Bangkok, Thailand. The name Suvarnabhumi was chosen by King Bhumibol Adulyadej and refers to the golden kingdom hypothesized to have been located somewhere in Southeast Asia.

Suvarnabhumi Airport Postcard
(Bought by my sister during her visit to Bangkok)

Designed by Helmut Jahn of Murphy/Jahn Architects, this airport has the world's tallest control tower (132.2 m), and the world's third largest single-building airport terminal (563,000 m²).

SOURCE:
Suvarnabhumi Airport Wikipedia Entry

14 March, 2008

Philadelphia Municipal Airport Postcard

The linen postcard shows the old Philadelphia Municipal Airport. Philadelphia Municipal became Philadelphia International in 1945, when American Overseas Airlines began flights to Europe. Philadelphia International Airport is the largest airport in the Delaware Valley region. As of 2008 it is the 10th busiest airport in the world in terms of aircraft activity.

Philadelphia Municipal Airport Linen Postcard

Philadelphia International Airport has seven terminal buildings, which are divided into seven lettered concourses. Terminals A East and A West, B, C, and D are all interconnected. Terminal E can be reached from Concourse D through a pre-security bridge; however, Terminal F is completely separate.

SOURCE:
Philadelphia International Airport Wikipedia Entry

13 March, 2008

McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30ER - Thai Airways

The first McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30ER was delivered to Thai Airways International with two in 1987 and one in 1988. The -30ER aircraft have a higher Maximum Take Off Weight, are powered by three GE CF6-50C2B engines and are equipped with an additional fuel tank in the rear cargo hold providing an additional 700 miles of range.

McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30ER Postcard

12 March, 2008

Boeing 747-200B - Thai Airways Postcard

The Boeing 747-200B is an improved version of the 747-200, with increased fuel capacity and more powerful engines; it first entered service in February 1971.

Boeing 747-200B Postcard

Thai Airways was the national domestic air carrier of Thailand. On April 1, 1988, Thai Airways merged to become Thai Airways International. Thai Airways International Public Company Limited is the national air carrier of Thailand, operating out of Suvarnabhumi Airport, and is a founding member of the Star Alliance network.

SOURCES:
Boeing 747 Wikipedia Entry
Thai Airways International Wikipedia Entry

11 March, 2008

Kennedy Space Center Shuttle Postcard

NASA's Space Shuttle, officially called the Space Transportation System (STS), is the spacecraft currently used by the United States government for its human spaceflight missions. First launched in 1981, NASA has announced that the Space Shuttle will be retired after mission STS-133 in 2010.

Kennedy Space Center Shuttle Postcard
(PH Wish from Sherida Decker)

10 March, 2008

Boeing 767 - Qantas Airways Postcard

The Boeing 767 is a mid-size, wide-body twinjet airliner. Passenger versions of the 767 can carry between 181 and 375 passengers. The Boeing 767-200 was introduced in 1985, for New Zealand, Asia and Pacific routes of Qantas Airways.

Boeing 767 Postcard

09 March, 2008

Boeing 747B - Qantas Airways Postcard

The Boeing 747, often referred to by the nickname "Jumbo Jet", is among the world's most recognizable aircraft, and was the first wide-body commercial airliner ever produced. The 747's hump created by the upper deck allows for a front cargo door on freighter versions, and serves as additional seating in most versions.

Boeing 747B Postcard

The name was originally "QANTAS", an acronym for "Queensland and Northern Territory Aerial Services". Nicknamed "The Flying Kangaroo", the airline is based in Sydney, and is Australia's largest airline. In 1967, the airline placed orders for the Boeing 747. This aircraft could seat up to 350 passengers.

SOURCES:
Boeing 747 Wikipedia Entry
Qantas Wikipedia Entry

08 March, 2008

Boeing 707-320 - Olympic Airlines Postcard

The Boeing 707-320 Intercontinental is a stretched version of the turbojet-powered original model. The interior allowed for up to 189 passengers, while a longer wing carried more fuel, increasing range by 1,600 miles (2,600 km) and allowing the aircraft to operate as true transoceanic aircraft.

Boeing 707-320 Postcard

Olympic Airlines is the flag carrier airline of Greece, based in Athens. In 1965, Olympic placed its first orders for the Boeing 707-320 jet aircraft. The first was delivered in 1966, bearing the name "City of Athens".

SOURCES:
Boeing 707 Wikipedia Entry
Olympic Airlines Wikipedia Entry

07 March, 2008

Boeing 377 Stratocruiser - Northwest Airlines Postcard

The Boeing 377 Stratocruiser was a luxurious long-range postwar airliner with four-piston engines. It was a civilian version of the C-97 Stratofreighter.

Boeing 377 Stratocruiser Postcard

Northwest Airlines, Inc. (often abbreviated NWA) is a major United States airline headquartered in Eagan, Minnesota. As of 2006 Northwest was the world's sixth largest airline in terms of domestic and international scheduled passenger miles flown and the U.S.'s sixth largest airline in terms of domestic passenger miles flown. On April 14, 2008, Northwest announced it will be merging with Delta Air Lines, subject to regulatory review. If approved, the new airline will become the largest airline in the world.

SOURCES:
Boeing 377 Wikipedia Entry
Northwest Airlines Wikipedia Entry

06 March, 2008

Airbus - Malaysia Airlines Postcard

Airbus S.A.S. is an aircraft manufacturing subsidiary of EADS, based in Toulouse, France. Airbus is in tight competition with Boeing every year for aircraft orders.

Airbus Postcard

Malaysia Airlines is the flag carrier of Malaysia. It is one of only six airlines to be given a 5-star status airline by Skytrax.

SOURCES:
Airbus Wikipedia Entry
Malaysia Airlines Wikipedia Entry

05 March, 2008

McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30 - Lufthansa Postcard

McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30 is the most common model, built with General Electric CF6-50 turbofan engines and larger fuel tanks to increase range and fuel efficiency. Produced from 1972 to 1988, the DC-10-30 was delivered to 38 different customers, amongst which Lufthansa (11) was the largest.

McDonnell Douglas DC-10-30 Postmarked Postcard

Deutsche Lufthansa AG is the flag carrier of Germany. The name of the company is derived from Luft (the German word for "air"), and Hansa (after Hanseatic League, the powerful medieval trading group).

SOURCES:
McDonnell Douglas DC-10 Variants Wikipedia Entry
Lufthansa Wikipedia Entry

04 March, 2008

Boeing 747 - Korean Air Postcard

The Boeing 747, often referred to by the nickname "Jumbo Jet", is among the world's most recognizable aircraft, and was the first wide-body commercial airliner ever produced. The four-engine 747 uses a double deck configuration for part of its length.

Boeing 747 Postcard

Korean Air Lines Co., Ltd., operating as Korean Air, is the national and largest airline of South Korea. In 1973, KAL introduced Boeing 747s on their Pacific routes.

SOURCES:
Boeing 747 Wikipedia Entry
Korean Air Wikipedia Entry

03 March, 2008

Cessna 185 - K2 Aviation Postcard

The postcard again shows K2 Aviation Cessna 185.

Cessna 185 Postcard 2
(PH Wish from Sarah Konichek)

02 March, 2008

Cessna 185 - K2 Aviation Postcard

The postcard shows K2 Aviation Cessna 185. The Cessna 185, also known as the Skywagon, is a six-seat, single engined, general aviation light aircraft manufactured by Cessna. It first flew as a prototype in July 1960, with the first production model being completed in March 1961. The Cessna 185 is a high-winged aircraft with non-retractable conventional landing gear and a tailwheel.

Cessna 185 Postcard
(PH Wish from Sarah Konichek)

K2 Aviation has over 28 years experience in flying climbers and sightseers in the Talkeetna area, coupled with Rust's Flying Service's nearly 50 years experience as an air taxi. The Rusts expanded the flight seeing side of the business by innovating with using turbo Otters for glacier landings, offering a quieter operation and reducing the carbon footprint in the pristine area of Denali National Park.

SOURCES:
Cessna 185 Wikipedia Entry
K2 Aviation Homepage

01 March, 2008

McDonnell Douglas DC-8-52 - Iberia Airlines Postcard

The postcard shows an Iberia Airlines McDonnell Douglas DC-8-52. The Douglas DC-8 is a four-engined jet airliner, manufactured from 1958 to 1972.

McDonnell Douglas DC-8-52 Postcard

Iberia Airlines, or Iberia as it is commonly known, is the largest airline of Spain, based in Madrid and is the Spanish flag carrier. By the mid 1960s, Iberia had accumulated a fleet of Douglas DC-8s.

SOURCES:
Douglas DC-8 Wikipedia Entry
Iberia Airlines Wikipedia Entry