28 July, 2009

Real Photo Postcards

Real Photo Postcards (1900-1920)

Aside from the colored view cards from this period, real photo postcards, black and white photographs that were usually sepia toned, were printed. The surfaces of the cards are glossy like a photograph but with printed postcard backs.

Real Photo Postcard

I have seen several Philippine real photo postcards that show views of streets and buildings around Manila, American military personnel, carnival queens and private individuals. The Americans were curious about the costumes and customs of Philippine tribal groups so there are lots of black-and-white postcards that bear Moros of Mindanao or Aetas of Luzon. Have also seen vintage postcards that show natural disasters like typhoon damages, floods in Manila, fires like the postcards of the burnt Olongapo in 1910, and even the eruption of Taal in 1911.

27 July, 2009

Photochrome Era

Photochrome Era (1939-Present)

This is the modern type of postcards with beautiful chrome colors. The colorized images are produced from black and white photographic negatives via the direct photographic transfer of a negative onto lithographic printing plates. Similar to the Philippine linen postcards, postcards of this type were published by the Philippine Education Company (PECO) and printed by Curt Teich of the US.

Photochrome Era Postcard

Although millions of postcard of this type were produced thanks to modern equipment, it is believed that this is a scarce type here in the country, especially if you are looking for pre-war and post-war photochrome postcards.

IMAGE SOURCE:
Dunnottar Castle, Stonehaven, Scotland

26 July, 2009

Linen Era Postcard

Linen Era (1930-1945)

After the White Border Era, a linen-like paper containing high rag content was used for making postcards. The printing of this type from 1930-1945 covers a period just before the outbreak of WW II through the Japanese Occupation of the Philippines. The most common and popular are the Philippine Education Co. (PECO) published postcards. They were printed in the US by Curt Teich. One has a white border and the other has a sort of edge perforation (like the postcard below).

Linen Era Postcard

There was no printing of postcards during the Japanese occupation of the Philippines. If there were postcards printed in the US, these did not reach the country. Postcards that circulated here just before and after the war were presumed destroyed during the liberation of Manila. Others were either consumed by fire or thrown into the garbage, so only a few postcards survived in the country. Because of these, linen era postcards are quite scarce and expensive.

IMAGE SOURCE:
New Post Office, Plaza Lawton

25 July, 2009

White Border Era

White Border Era (1911-1930)

Because of unlimited importation of picture postcards coming from Europe, local printers in the US complained. The US government acted by imposing high tariff and duties on the imported postcards. To fill up the gaps as a result of the short supply coming in from Europe, local printers began to publish their own version of picture postcards, mostly reprints of the imported cards This also brought about the printing of another type of postcard known as "White Border Era," so-called because of the white border surrounding the picture.

White Border Era Postcard

Unfortunately I still do not have any Philippine postcard from this era.

24 July, 2009

Divided Back Era

Divided Back Era (1907-1915)

The greatest number of picture postcards ever printed and shipped to the United States, including the Philippines, was made during this period. During this time, a dividing line was placed at the back of the postcard. The blank space on the left side of the dividing line allowed for messages to be written by the sender, and the name of the addressee and address were written on the right side of the postcard. The picture or face of the postcard covered the entire area and with no border.

Divided Back Era Postcard

Some of the interesting subjects of Philippine postcards during this era are: transportation like the "tranvia" or electric train, early cars, fire engines, railroad trains, carromatas (horse-drawn carts); famous landmarks like the Luneta and Walled City; local and provincial view cards; maritime (commercial, shipping, US ships, river boats); native occupations (vendors, farmers); public and private buildings (churches, schools, hotels); military scenes; bridges; indigenous Filipino community (Igorotes, Moros, Negritos, Aetas); greeting cards, etc.

IMAGE SOURCE:
Postcard Wikipedia Entry

23 July, 2009

Undivided Back Era

Undivided Back Era (1901-1907)

In 1901, the US government finally allowed private printers to use the wording "POST CARD" to be imprinted on the back of privately printed postcards, but postcards still have undivided backs. The lines on the back are only for the name of the addressee and address, and the front or face of this postcard with a small blank space around or below the picture-view area are for a short message or greetings.

Undivided Back Era Postcard

Image Source:
1907 Postcard: Pasig River

22 July, 2009

Private Mailing Card Era

Private Mailing Card Era (1898-1901)

During this era, private publishers and printers were allowed to print, sell and use the wording "Private Mailing Card" at the back of the card with the lines for the name of the addressee and the address. The words "Private Mailing Card - Authorized by the Act of Congress on May 19, 1898" and "This side for the address only" were required to be printed on the back of all cards not issued by the government. Regulations also required that these cards be slightly smaller in size at 3 1/4 by 5 1/2 inches and printed in light colors of buff, cream, or gray. This class of postcard has "undivided back" similar to those of the pioneer era.

Finding Philippine private mailing cards are quite scarce.

Private Mailing Card Era Postcard

SOURCE:
Private Mailing Cards 1898

21 July, 2009

Pioneer Era

Pioneer Era (pre-1898)

The postcard of this era is characterized by an undivided back. Written messages were restricted to the front side (as seen in the postcard below), with the entire back dedicated to the name of the addressee and the address only. A local view in black and white photograph covers the whole front or face of the postcard. Also during this period, only the government was allowed to use the word "POSTCARD" in the back of the postcard. When Congress passed the Private Mailing Card Act on May 19, 1898, private publishers and printers were allowed to produce postcards.

There are no examples of Philippine postcard belonging to the "Pioneer Era".

Pioneer Era Postcard

IMAGE SOURCE:
Postcard Wikipedia Entry

20 July, 2009

History of Philippine Picture Postcards

There is actually no written records on the history of Philippine postcards. If you want to know more about the history of Philippine postcards, you have to know the history of US postcards. The Philippine postcards followed the style format and form of US postcards. The only difference would be, of course, postcards show pictures and views of the Philippines.

There were two events in early May of 1898 that had major impact on the production of picture postcards in the Philippines. The first was the defeat of the Spanish fleet by Admiral Dewey on Manila Bay that resulted in the arrival of American soldiers, teachers and tourists in the country. The second lesser known event was the passing of a bill by the United States Congress lowering the postal rate for picture postcards by fifty percent.

The book
Catalogue of Philippine Picture Postcards: American Period 1898-1941 by Conrado F. Ciriaco outlines the history of Philippine postcards. Using this book and other books and articles, I will try to discuss the rich history of Philippine picture postcard. This way I hope that fellow collectors and blog readers will understand and appreciate Philippine postcards.

SOURCES:
Catalogue of Philippine Picture Postcards: American Period 1898-1941
Author: Conrado F. Ciriaco
Copyright: 1995

Philippine Picture Postcards 1900-1920
Author: Jonathan Best
Publisher: Bookmark, Inc.
Copyright: 1994

Consuming Passions: Philippine Collectibles
By Jaime C. Laya, editor
Publisher: Anvil Publishing
Copyright: 2003

American-Philippine Postcards: The "L.S.Co." Set, the Largest Set
Article by Michael G. Price

I would like to thank Mr. Michael G. Price for sending me a copy of one of his articles and for giving me permission to quote the article.

06 May, 2009

M1194: Boy Scout Monument Postcard

The postcard shows a Boy Scout Monument and identified its location as Manila; however, I could not find any Boy Scout Monument in the Manila area. There is one in Tomas Morato, but it doesn't look like the one in the postcard. Another Boy Scout Monument I found is in Tacloban, and it is also not the same monument.

M1194: Boy Scout Monument Postcard

05 May, 2009

M1191: Mandala Postcard

The postcard shows a mandala or haystack or stack of palay. The back of the postcard reads:

Mandala. A common rural scene after harvest. Palay stacks are piled to dry in the sun.

M1191: Mandala Postcard

04 May, 2009

M1190: Negros Occidental Provincial Capitol Postcard

The postcard shows the Negros Occidental Provincial Capitol and the statue of a woman and a female water buffalo located at the north end of the lagoon which is in front of the capitol. Another statue, a man and a male water buffalo, can be found at the south end of the lagoon. The statues are attributed to Guillermo Tolentino, National Artist for Sculpture.

M1190: Negros Occidental Provincial Capitol Postcard


RELATED ENTRY:
Negros Occidental Provincial Capitol Postcard

SOURCE:
Bacolod, The City of Smiles

03 May, 2009

M1180: Cebu Provincial Capitol Postcard

The postcard shows the Cebu Provincial Capitol with the concave facade and dome.

M1180: Cebu Provincial Capitol Postcard

RELATED ENTRY:
Cebu Provincial Capitol Postcards

02 May, 2009

M1176: Marigondon Beach Postcard

The postcard shows the Marigondon Beach located on Mactan Island in Cebu. The beach has white and fluffy sand and the sea is a translucent shade of turquoise. The beach is also good for scuba divers since it has coral reefs just 300 yards off the beach. The Marigondon Cave is the highlight of any underwater excursion in the area.

M1176: Marigondon Beach Postcard

The back of the postcard reads:
Marigondon Beach, Mactan Island. An increasingly popular beach resort with its white beach and clear waters.

01 May, 2009

M1175: Moslem Mosque Postcard

The postcard shows a Moslem mosque in Marawi City, Lanao del Norte. The postcard, however, did not identify the mosque. I tried to identify it but this mosque looks different to other Marawi mosques I have seen online.

M1175: Moslem Mosque Postcard

30 April, 2009

M1174: Subic Bay Postcard

The postcard shows Subic Bay and the old Kalaklan Point Lighthouse in Zambales. This lighthouse (the original one) was a 10 m concrete tower with lantern and several buttresses at the base, painted white. It is located at the north side of the entrance to the Subic Bay naval harbor. The new concrete lighthouse is 15 m (49 ft) tall with a large lantern structure.

M1174: Subic Bay Postcard

SOURCE:
Lighthouses of the Northern Philippines

29 April, 2009

M1172: Zamboanga Port

The postcard shows the Port of Zamboanga. The Port of Zamboanga, one of the Philippines busiest ports, has a total area of 156,000 sq. m. The port has 19 docks, with the largest dock having a capacity for up to 20 vessels. Twenty-five shipping lines operate via the port, serviced by four shipyards operating within the port boundaries and in Zamboanga City. It is a center for sardine exports to the United States, Europe and the Middle and Far East.

M1172: Zamboanga Port

SOURCE:
Zamboanga International Seaport Wikipedia Entry

28 April, 2009

M1168: Fort Pilar Altar Postcard

The postcard shows the Our Lady of the Pillar Shrine at Fort Pilar in Zamboanga City. The Our Lady of the Pillar is embossed at the top of the façade above the eastern wall of the 17th century Spanish military Pilar Fort in 1734.

M1168: Fort Pilar Altar Postcard

RELATED ENTRY:
M1053: Fort Pilar Postcard

27 April, 2009

M1166: University of Santo Tomas Postcard

The postcard shows the bronze Miguel de Benavides Monument in front of the University of Santo Tomas Main Building of the Sampaloc campus. The Benavides Monument was made in Paris in 1889 and inaugurated in July 2, 1891 – opening of the school year.

The base of the statue has the name of the sculptor and year of the make: Tony Noel, 1889. The pedestal was decorated with the seals of the Dominican Order and the university, as well as plaques on which were written the history of UST and a brief biography of the archbishop. The statue was blown from its place by an artillery shell during the Battle of Manila in 1945, totally destroying the marble pedestal. The Benavides Monument was erected again in November 13, 1946 inside the UST Campus in Sampaloc, Manila.

M1166: University of Santo Tomas Postcard

The present bronze statue rises on top of a granite pedestal flanked by four lions and four coats-of-arms. He dons the rugged habit of the pioneer Dominican missionaries. His right hand is elevated in the preaching fashion, his index finger pointing to heavens. His left hand rests on his chest holding a book bearing the words Santo Evangelico on its cover. A skull cap covers his head, and a pectoral cross hangs from his neck, the symbols of Episcopal dignity.

RELATED ENTRIES:
M1062: University of Santo Tomas Postcard
University of Santo Tomas Postcards

SOURCE:
History of UST: Benavides Monument Wikipedia Entry

26 April, 2009

M1165: Malacañang Palace Postcard

This deckle edged postcard shows the Malacañang Palace gate and the Kalayaan Hall (behind the flagpole and tree). Kalayaan Hall, then called Executive Building, was built during the administration of Governor General Francis Burton Harrison (1913-1921). The building housed the offices of the Governor General and Vice Governor on the first floor.

M1165: Malacañang Palace Postcard

The reinforced concrete building was designed by Ralph Harrington Doane, who also designed the Pangasinan Provincial Capitol and the Leyte Provincial Capitol. The building exterior has precast concrete ornaments and ironworks, and the interior ha handcarved wood panels, intricate mouldings, and coffered ceilings.

After the success of the Edsa People Power Revolution, President Corazon C. Aquino ordered the building renamed Kalayaan Hall, to commemorate the return of democracy and liberty to the Filipino people. Then building was turned into a museum during the administration of President Fidel V. Ramos.

RELATED ENTRIES:
M1154: Malacañang Palace Postcard
M1012: Malacañang Palace Postcard
Malacañang Palace Postcard

SOURCE:
Kalayaan Hall: The Nerve Center of Power

25 April, 2009

M1157: Burnham Park Postcard

The postcard shows the Burnham Park man-made lake in Baguio City. Burnham Park was named after the American architect and urban planner, Daniel Hudson Burnham, who laid the plans for the city. The park features a man-made lake situated at the center where tourists can enjoy boating with rented boats. Aside from boating, tourists can also rent bikes or visit the orchidarium. During my college years in the city, the park used to have a skating rink. The boats nowadays looks very different than the boats seen in the postcard.

M1157: Burnham Park Postcard

A bust of Daniel Burnham was erected in the northern section where a rose garden is also located.

SOURCE:
Burnham Park Wikipedia Entry

24 April, 2009

M1154: Malacañang Palace Postcard

The postcard show the original ante-room of the Malacañang Palace Reception Hall. The wooden ceiling was carved by Isabelo Tampingco and the three crystal chandeliers were imported from Czechoslovakia in the 1930s. The chandeliers were removed during World War II and hidden prism by prism.

M1154: Malacañang Palace Postcard

The hall was demolished and rebuilt, without the pillars, during the Marcos' 1978 renovations.

RELATED ENTRIES:

M1012: Malacañang Palace Postcard
Malacañang Palace Postcard

SOURCE:
Malacañan Timeline

23 April, 2009

M1150: Taluksangay Mosque Postcard

The postcard shows the Taluksangay Mosque in Zamboanga del Sur; however, comparing to another Taluksangay Mosque (modern postcard) in my collection, the two minarets (tall spires with onion-shaped crowns) are missing in the old mosque postcard below. Was it added in the post-60s? Or is this another mosque?

M1150: Taluksangay Mosque Postcard

RELATED ENTRY:
Taluksangay Mosque Postcard

22 April, 2009

M1149: Tuba Gatherer Postcard

The postcard shows a tuba gatherer climbing a coconut tree to extract sap used in making the tuba. Tuba, considered by Filipinos as a type of hard drink, is coconut toddy that has a stinging sweet and bittersweet taste. The process extracting the sap of an unopened coconut bud. The tip of the bud is lopped and the pale juice allowed trickles into bamboo containers (like the one carried by the man in the postcard). The fermenting process involves the sweetish liquid is stored for one to three days in earthen jars or bottles.

M1149: Tuba Gatherer Postcard

SOURCE:
Tuba WikiPilipinas Entry

21 April, 2009

M1146: Malacañang Park Postcard

The postcard shows the Malacañang Park viewed from the Malacañang Palace across the river, at the foot of the Nagtahan Bridge. The 5-hectare Malacañang Park contains a golf course, park, billets for the Presidential Security Guard, a Commonwealth-era presidential rest house (Bahay Pangarap) and a recreation hall.

M1146: Malacañang Park Postcard

RELATED ENTRIES:
M1012: Malacañang Palace Postcard
Malacañang Palace Postcard

SOURCE:
Malacañang Palace Wikipedia Entry

20 April, 2009

Postal Heritage Walking Tour

Yesterday, I was one of those who joined the Postal Heritage Walking Tour sponsored by the Filipinas Stamp Collectors' Club (FSCC). I got interested with the tour since I collected stamps before I started collecting postcards. It would be nice to know the history of the Philippine postage.

We were met by Lawrence Chan, the club's tour officer, at the Liwasang Bonifacio. The walking tour kicked off at the Manila Central Post Office. We were lucky enough to tour inside the post office, and we have the whole building for ourselves!

Inside the Manila Central Post Office

Lawrence gave a little history about the building and started to narrate the postage history of the country. He informed us that the Philippines is the first country in Asia to issue stamps, printing and releasing them on February 1, 1854! Now that's something.

After the post office, we headed to the ruins of Aduana or the Customs House/Intendencia, where goods, including mails, were brought from overseas and declared. Boats would navigate the Pasig River and bring goods and mails to the Aduana. It was destroyed by American artillery in 1945 and was restored, but it was completely ravaged by a fire in 1979. Lawrence showed us some stamps that featured the old Customs House.

Aduana Ruins

We then walked the Magallanes Drive to check out the bronze statue of Queen Isabel II, which is in front of Puerta Isabel II. The statue was first erected near the Teatro Alfonso XII (now the Metropolitan Theater) in Arroceros (now Plaza Lawton) on July 14, 1860 and then stayed in front of the Malate Church for some 70 years until Typhoon “Yoling” toppled the statue. Again, Lawrence showed us stamps that featured the statue and also the Queen herself.

Queen Isabel II Statue

Next stop was the Manila Cathedral. The cathedral was also featured in several stamps. Lawrence showed us stamp of the cathedral when its bell tower has not yet been constructed.

Manila Cathedral

We ended the tour by visiting the Postal Museum (the oldest museum in southeast Asia) and Philatelic Library which is located within the Manila Central Post Office compound.
The postal museum is hidden at the third floor of the building of the Security Inspection Services Division and Postal Police Force. Quite hard to find unless you ask the guards where the museum is located. The building also dwarfs the Manila Central Post Office.

One can see lots of stamps on display and items used by the post office including old mail boxes, typewriters, awards, paintings, and philatelic magazines, books and catalogues.

Postal Museum

The exciting part of our tour was that the club was having an auction of not only stamps but also pre-war postcards!! I was even interested in joining the auction, but unfortunately I am not a member of the club. Maybe next time.


The
Filipinas Stamp Collectors' Club can be reached through Manila P.O. box 2986 or through (02) 735-5001.

RELATED ENTRIES:
Manila Central Post Office Postcard
Minor Basilica of the Immaculate Conception Postcards

19 April, 2009

M1138: Downtown Iloilo City Postcard

The postcard shows the downtown Iloilo City business area. This is, I believe J.M. Basa Street. The building on the left side of the postcard is Iloilo Central Trading.

M1138: Downtown Iloilo City Postcard

Calle Real (Downtown Iloilo City Heritage District). Old buildings that were constructed in the Commonwealth era in J.M Basa (Calle Real), Iznart, Aldeguer and Guanco were declared as a Heritage Site of Iloilo. It showcases the unique architecture of the downtown area.

SOURCE:
Iloilo City Landmarks Wikipedia Entry

18 April, 2009

M1136: Walls of Intramuros Postcard

The postcard shows the circular garita or sentry box of Bastion de San Andres in Intramuros, Manila with the Manila City Hall in the background. Bastion de San Andres, named after the Apostle Andrew, was built in the 17th century on the southeast corner of the Intramuros walls. This ace of spade bastion had a circular garita or sentry post that survived World War II and years of abandonment.

M1136: Walls of Intramuros Postcard

SOURCE:
Intramuros In & Around: An Interactive Guide
Rene B. Javellana
page 56

17 April, 2009

M1130: Maria Cristina Falls Postcard

The postcard shows the real Maria Cristina Falls (compared to M39: Maria Cristina Falls Postcard) in Iligan City, Lanao del Norte. The Maria Cristina Falls is a 98-m/321.5-ft plunge type of waterfall. The water descends vertically, losing contact with the bedrock surface.

M1130: Maria Cristina Falls Postcard

The back of the postcard reads:
Maria Cristina Falls, Iligan City, Lanao del Norte. This beautiful dynamic falls, harnessed, supplies electrical power for the different mechanical and industrial installations of the city.

RELATED ENTRY:
M39: Maria Cristina Falls Postcard

16 April, 2009

M1127: Chocolate Hills Postcard

The postcard shows the Chocolate Hills. The Chocolate Hills, a rolling terrain of haycock hills, are an unusual geological formation that are scattered throughout the towns of Carmen, Batuan and Sagbayan in Bohol. During the dry season, the precipitation is inadequate such that the grass-covered hills dry up and turn chocolate brown. This transforms the area into seemingly endless rows of "chocolate kisses," hence the name.

M1127: Chocolate Hills Postcard

Estimated to be at least 1,268 to about 1,776 individual mounds spread over an area of more than 50 sq. km., these cone-shaped or dome-shaped hills are actually made of grass-covered limestone. The domes vary in sizes from 30 to 50 metres (98 to 160 ft) high with the largest being 120 metres (390 ft) in height.

The Hills have been declared the country's third National Geological Monument and proposed for inclusion in the UNESCO World Heritage List.

SOURCE:
Chocolate Hills Wikipedia Entry

15 April, 2009

M1126: Central Philippine University Postcard

The postcard shows the Administration Building of the Central Philippine University in Jaro, Iloilo City. I could not find any information regarding the building itself.

M1126: Central Philippine University Postcard

The Central Philippine University was founded in 1905 as the Jaro Industrial School by Dr. William Orison Valentine, a missionary of the American Baptist Foreign Mission Society. In 1923 the name of the school was changed to Central Philippine College and in April 1, 1953, Central Philippine College gained university status and became Central Philippine University. The University sits on 240,000 sq. m. (24-hectare campus).

SOURCE:
Central Philippine University Wikipedia Entry

14 April, 2009

M1118: Tree House Postcard

The postcard shows another view of the tree house in Pasonanca Park in Zamboanga City.

M1118: Tree House Postcard

RELATED ENTRY:
M1059: Tree House Postcard

13 April, 2009

M1107: Session Road Postcard

The postcard shows Lower Session Road in Baguio City. Session Road derives its name from the fact that it used to lead up to the old Baden-Powell Hall, where the first Philippine Commission held its sessions from April 22 to June 11, 1904.

M1107: Session Road Postcard

Session Road is the main business area of the city and is the main thoroughfare of Baguio City. Lower Session Road, extending eastward from Magsaysay Avenue running through the business district until the intersections of Father Carlu Street (towards the Baguio Cathedral and Upper Bonifacio Street) and Governor Pack Road. This is the area where businesses are located, among others banks, shops, restaurants, bakeries, hotels, newsstands, boutiques, and studios.

SOURCE:
Session Road Wikipedia Entry

12 April, 2009

M1102: Salambao Fishing Postcard

The postcard shows the salambao, a fishing device made of a movable wide net mounted on a bamboo craft (balsa). The back of the postcard reads "Salambao Fishing, Pangasinan," but does not name the river. Am not really sure if its really a Pangasinan river or the Paranaque River.

M1102: Salambao Fishing Postcard

11 April, 2009

M1098: Manila Night Lights Postcard

The postcard shows neon lights rippling over the waters of the Pasig River. I think that the bridge seen in the postcard is the Jones Bridge (named after Atkinson Jones) leading to Escolta district.

M1098: Manila Night Lights Postcard

10 April, 2009

M1088: Sagayan Postcard

The postcard shows the Philippine war dance Sagayan, performed by the Far Eastern University Dance Troupe. Sagayan is a Philippine war dance performed by both the Maguindanao and Maranao. The term Sagayan comes from the Tausug word of sagay, meaning head-hunter. The war dance depicts in dramatic fashion the steps their hero, Prince Bantugan, took upon wearing his armaments, the war he fought in and his subsequent victory afterwards. On most occasions, this dance is performed before any celebration or gathering to drive away evil spirits (tunong) and to welcome good fortunes or omen.

M1088: Sagayan Postcard

The back of the postcard reads:
A dance of royalty, Sagayan portrays a Maranaw warrior who anticipating combat, displays his valor and prowess in the handling of the kampilan (bladed weapon) and the shield before the ladies of the court.

The dance involves leaping, turning, jumping, kicking and the rolling movements of a warrior ready to defend his master in battle. Performers, depicting fierce warriors would carry elaborately painted shield with curlicues, rounds, twirls and mirrors which are attached with shell noisemakers in one hand. In their other hand, they carry a double-bladed sword (kampilan) of metal or wood. Dancers are dressed in three tiered skirts, brightly colored topper and headgear embellished with all the imaginable colors of twine trimmings formed into flowers, balls, sunbursts etc. Long, yellow playful tassels almost hiding the face surround the headgear.

SOURCES:
Sagayan Wikipedia Entry
Dance 3: Sagayan and other warrior-like dances
Likha Pilipino Folk Ensemble

09 April, 2009

M1085: Rizal Monument Postcard

The postcard shows another view of the Rizal Monument in Luneta Park, Manila. Also seen in the postcard are two soldiers guarding the monument. Some say that guards are present by the monument's side 24/7, although on the M1084: Rizal Monument Postcard there seems to be no soldier guarding the monument. Again seen in the postcard is the National Library.

M1085: Rizal Monument Postcard

RELATED ENTRIES:
M31: Rizal Monument Postcard
M1084: Rizal Monument Postcard

08 April, 2009

M1084: Rizal Monument Postcard

The postcard shows a night view of the Rizal Monument (not Rizal Shrine as identified in the postcard) in Luneta Park, Manila.

M1084: Rizal Monument Postcard

RELATED ENTRY:
M31: Rizal Monument Postcard

07 April, 2009

M1080: Pagsanjan Falls Postcard

The postcard shows the "Pagsanjan Falls" in Cavinti, Laguna. The real name of the waterfalls is actually "Magdapio Falls." However, the falls has been popularly known as "Pagsanjan Falls" because the trip to the waterfalls starts from Pagsanjan, passes through part of Lumban, then to Cavinti. The Magdapio Falls is a 120 m/393 ft horsetail type of waterfall. The descending water maintains some contact with bedrock.

M1080: Pagsanjan Falls Postcard

The back of the postcard reads:
Pagsanjan Falls, Laguna. A two-hour drive from Manila, and to reach the falls, one has to shoot the rapids which is walled by the serene virgin tropical forest some 300 ft. high.

To reach Magdapio Falls, one has to ride on bancas manned by skilled boatmen (bankeros). The upstream trip to the falls lasts more than one hour. One can shoot 14 roaring rapids during the return trip, which is less than one hour.

Before reaching the falls, one may behold many mini-falls like the Talahib Falls, Kaluykuy Falls and Bridal Veil Falls, and 19 unnamed falls that can only be seen during the rainy months. Behind the curtain of the cascading waters is the mysterious Devil's Cave, so named because its opening looks like the profile of a devil's face.

SOURCES:
Pagsanjan Falls and Shooting the Rapids
Pagsanjan Falls Wikipedia Entry

06 April, 2009

M1073: Jotabal Postcard

The postcard shows the Philippine dance Jotabal, performed by the Far Eastern University Dance Troupe. Jotabal is a lively festival dance in Camohaguin, Gumaca, Quezon. It is derived from the words Jota and valse (means waltz, a step or a dance in three-four time). The male wears Barong Tagalog and black trousers and female wears Maria Clara dress.

I was not able to find the history of the dance.

M1073: Jotabal Postcard

SOURCE:
Jotabal WikiPilipinas Entry

05 April, 2009

M1067: Las Piñas Bamboo Organ Postcard

The postcard shows the famous Bamboo Organ in the Parish Church of St. Joseph in Las Piñas City. The Las Piñas Bamboo Organ is a 19th century church organ made almost entirely from bamboo: only the trumpet stops are made from metal. The builder of both the church and its organ was Fr. Diego Cera de la Virgen del Carmen, a priest under the Augustinian Recollects. Fr. Cera began his work on the organ in 1816 and it was completed in 1824.

M1067: Las Piñas Bamboo Organ Postcard

In 1973, the organ was shipped to Bonn, Germany for a total restoration by Johannes Klais Orgelbau KG. The restored organ returned home in March 1975. On November 24, 2003, the National Museum of the Philippines officially declared the Las Piñas Bamboo Organ a "National Cultural Treasure" for its uniqueness and significance.

RELATED ENTRY:
Parish Church of St. Joseph Postcards

SOURCE:
Las Piñas Bamboo Organ Wikipedia Entry

04 April, 2009

M1064: Bulusan Lake Postcard

The postcard shows the Bulusan Lake in Sorgoson (dubbed as the "Switzerland of the Orient"). Lake Bulusan lies at the heart of Bulusan Volcano National Park. This lake has a circumference of 2,006 meters and has a maximum capacity of water content of 3,472 cubic meters. Its geological age is estimated at 374 years old.

The lake is oftenly mistaken as the Bulusan Volcano’s main crater. It is in fact a body of emerald green water surrounded by a densed gathering of trees and lush tropical plants. There are no streams or rivers that visibly flow into the lake. The major source of water is considered to be seepage from underground water surrounding the lake.

M1064: Bulusan Lake Postcard

The back of the postcard reads:
Bulusan Lake, Sorsogon - Fine scenery with its mild temperature climate, abounding in tropical trees and plants that makes it primeval virgin forest surrounding the cool lake. Altitude, 1800 ft above sea level, no inlet and no outlet.

Bulusan Lake has an interesting legend. It is said that a village once stood where Bulusan Lake is currently located. The legend suggests that a pagan chieftain once managed the land, and one day when he did not honor a promise he made to set his slaves free, waters came from the skies and flooded everything creating the lake. His slaves that were working in the fields survived the floods and are believed to have been the founders of the city of Bulusan.

SOURCES:
Bulusan Lake WikiPilipinas Entry
Lake Bulusan Wikipedia Entry
Bulusan Lake Profile

03 April, 2009

M1062: University of Santo Tomas Postcard

The postcard shows the monument Arch of the Centuries in the University of Santo Tomas (UST) at Manila. The Arch stands 15 meters away from the University's main entrance along España Boulevard. The side of the arch facing the campus was the main doorway to the university building before it was destroyed by World War II. The stones of that doorway were transferred and reassembled piece by piece in its present site. The side with its Grecian design facing España Street is a reconstruction of the doorway as it originally looked.

M1062: University of Santo Tomas Postcard

The Arch contains Doric columns, but is Baroque in its details. The inscription on the arch says "Gateway to the history of the finest breed of Filipinos." On the left pillar of the facade facing España Boulevard is commemorative plaque honoring national hero José Rizal, and on the right pillar is another plaque honoring President Manuel L. Quezon. Both Rizal and Quezon were UST graduates. On the sides at the top of the Arch are panels depicting the life of Saint Thomas Aquinas, the patron saint of the University and of all Catholic schools.

All incoming students (freshmen and transferees), as parts of their initiation rites into the University, are required to pass through under the Arch. This is known as the Thomasian Welcome Walk.

RELATED ENTRY:
University of Santo Tomas Postcards

SOURCES:
Arch of the Centuries Wikipedia Entry
UST Homepage: Arch of the Centuries

02 April, 2009

M1059: Tree House Postcard

The postcard shows the famous tree house in Pasonanca Park in Zamboanga City. This tree house has all the amenities of a small hotel room and can be rented.

M1059: Tree House Postcard

Construction of the Pasonanca Park began in 1912 by General John J. "Blackjack" Pershing, and completed during the administration of the Honorable Frank W. Carpenter.

Pasonanca Park, a popular site for youth citizenship training and Boy Scout and Girl Scout jamborees, has three swimming pools, one for children, a second for professional swimmers, and a third looks like a natural swimming hole. The third pool is the oldest of the three, having been constructed during the time of Gov. Carpenter and Parksman Hanley in 1916-1917.

SOURCE:
Pasonanca Park Wikipedia Entry

01 April, 2009

M1056: World Health Organization Building Postcard

The postcard shows the World Health Organization (WHO) building in Ermita, Manila. No online information found about the building (construction, etc.). It might have been built in the 50s since WHO was established in the Philippines in 1951.


M1056: World Health Organization Building Postcard

31 March, 2009

M1055: Balara Park Postcard

The postcard shows the old Escoda Hall and the three swimming pools of the Balara Filters Park or Balara Park in Diliman, Quezon City. The Balara Park was originally built from 1949 to 1959 and first opened to the public in 1953. The Balara Park has six main amenities namely the Children's Park, the Pedro Tobias Park, the Escoda Hall, the Windmill Park, the picnic grove and the swimming pools. However, the most notable of these are the Escoda Hall and the swimming pools.

M1055: Balara Park Postcard

The Escoda Hall, a white and red pavilion dominating the swimming pool complex, has a large symmetrical Southeast Asian motif roof, designed by the Mañosa Brothers; however the original tile-like asbestos roofing (as seen in the postcard) was replaced by corrugated steel roofing. There are three large swimming pools next to the Escoda Hall. The biggest of the three is the T-shaped adult pool with the top end of the letter "T" facing the hall. On either side of the adult pool are two rectangular children's pools.

Other vintage structures and statuary that can be found in the park are an Italian Style Chapel; the Orosa Hall, an open ornamental summerhouse; "Bernadine", a white statue of a nude water bearer on the fountain in the rotunda; the Worker's Monument commemorating the NAWASA employees who died in the construction of the filters; the Lion Head, a gaping maw for the filters' backwash water; a replica of the Carriedo Fountain of Sta. Cruz, Manila; A. Giddeon Playground; Baby Terrace named after First Daughter Zenaida Quezon; a 3,000 sq. m. elevated picnic ground with a 200 m. circumference oval; the Anonas Amphitheater.

SOURCE:
Balara: Revived Icon of the 50s
Quezon City Tourist Attractions

30 March, 2009

M1053: Fort Pilar Postcard

The postcard shows Fort Pilar in Zamboanga City, a 17th century military defense fortress built by the Spanish colonial government. One can also see in the postcard a calesa. In defense against pirates and raiders and upon the requests of the Jesuit missionaries and Bishop Fray Pedro of Cebu, the Spanish governor Don Juan Cerezo Salamanca approved the building of a stone fort in the year 1635. The fort was originally called "Real Fuerza de San Jose" and was also called "Real Fuerza de Nuestra Señora del Pilar de Zaragoza" in honor of the patron virgin of Spain, Our Lady of the Pillar.

M1053: Fort Pilar Postcard

Fort Pilar is now an outdoor catholic Marian shrine and a museum. In 1734, a statue of the Our Lady of the Pillar was placed above the eastern wall of the fort making it an outdoor shrine with an altar for praying.

SOURCE:
Fort Pilar Wikipedia Entry