24 October, 2010

M1391: President Ferdinand Marcos Postcard

Postcard Size: 4"x5.5"
Postcard Type: View card
Printed by:
JMC Press, Inc., Quezon City
Purchased at Goodwill Bookstore

** The postcard was printed in 1967, hence the year of his death was not included in the postcard.

The postcard shows the portrait of President Ferdinand Marcos, probably his official portrait hung on the walls of the Reception Hall in Malacanang. Most of the official portraits were painted by Fernando Amorsolo, Garcia Llamas and other noted artists.

Ferdinand Emmanuel Edralin Marcos was born in Sarrat, Ilocos Norte on September 11, 1917. Before he became president he was a member of the Philippine House of Representatives (1949–1959) and of the Philippine Senate (1959–1965).

He was elected president in 1965 and was reelected for an unprecedented second term in 1969. His greatest achievement as the president was in the fields of infrastructure development and international diplomacy. However, his administration was marred by massive authoritarian corruption, despotism, nepotism, political repression, and human rights violations.


The back of the postcard reads:
President Ferdinand Marcos, 1917-.
A soldier and statesman. Sixth president of the Republic of the Philippines, 1965.

M1391: President Ferdinand Marcos Postcard

Marcos married Imelda Romualdez in 1954 with four children: Maria Imelda "Imee" Marcos, Ferdinand "Bongbong" Marcos, Jr., Irene Marcos, and Aimee Marcos, who was adopted.

Marcos fled the country on February 25, 1986 (after People Power I) and went into exile in Hawaii. He died on September 28, 1989 (age of 72) at Waikiki, Hawaii.

SOURCE:
Ferdinand Marcos Wikipedia Entry

17 October, 2010

M1384: Bougainvillea Postcard

Postcard Size: 4"x5.5"
Postcard Type: View card
Printed by:
JMC Press, Inc., Quezon City
Purchased at Goodwill Bookstore

Bogambilya or Bongabilya, Tagalog for Bougainvillea, was named after the French admiral and explorer Louis Antoine de Bougainville, the first Frenchman to cross the Pacific. Bougainvillea is actually native to South America, but was probably brought to the country by the Spaniards.

Bougainvilleas are popular ornamental plants in the country. The first species recorded here was Bougainvillea spectabilis. The other species, B. glabra and B. peruviana were introduced much later.

The back of the postcard reads:
Bougainvillea, a favorite garden adornment.
Found in the Philippines in several colors. (Courtesy of Mrs. Purificacion A. Lopa)

M1384: Bougainvillea Postcard

TRIVIA:
Bougainvillea is the official flower of Tagbilaran, Bohol.

SOURCES:
Bougainvillea Wikipedia Entry
Philippine Medicinal Plants: Bogambilya
Symbols of the City of Tagbilaran

10 October, 2010

M1382: Ambuklao Dam Postcard

Postcard Size: 4"x5.5"
Postcard Type: View card
Printed by:
JMC Press, Inc., Quezon City
Purchased at Goodwill Bookstore

The Ambuklao Hyroelectric Plant is located in the mountains of Bokod, Benguet. The dam was the country's first hydroelectric plant and was the highest and biggest in the Far East during the 50's.

On January 29, 1948, President Manuel Roxas submits a Bill to Congress which would authorize the expenditure of the proceeds of a loan for the construction of certain hydro-electric projects. The National Power Corporation, in cooperation with Westinghouse Electric International Company, took a survey of the country's hydroelectric potential and prepared the Philippine Power Program in 1948. It's major undertaking was the Ambuklao Power Project.

The back of the postcard reads:
Ambuklao Dam, source of hydroelectric power. Located in Mt. Province

M1382: Ambuklao Dam Postcard

Construction of the project began in July 1950. The contractor for the dam's civil works was the Guy F. Atkinson Company of San Francisco, while the Harza Engineering Company of Chicago was the engineering consultant. The work involved the construction of a dam, the second highest of its kind, rock-filled, 452 meters along the crest and 129 meters high; the width of the spillway is 124 meters. The reservoir, or man-made lake, runs 11 kilometers upstream from the dam.

The 75,000 kw Ambuklao Hydro-electric Development was completed on December 21, 1956 and was inaugurated by President Ramon Magsaysay at the sub-station at Balintawak, on January 19, 1957. The cost reached a reported P132,000,000.

The facility had to stop operation in 2000 because of uncontrolled and heavy siltation. After winning the bid in 2007, SN Aboitiz Power Hydro Incorporated (SNAP) is considering the possibility of expanding the generation capacity to 105 MW after rehabilitation.

SOURCES:
Ambuklao Dam
Journal of the American Chamber of Commerce of the Philippines, March 1948: The Business View, p. 77
Journal of the American Chamber of Commerce of the Philippines, January 1957: The Ambuklao Development Inauguration, pp. 56, 58
SN Power: Ambuklao

03 October, 2010

M1376: Rural Scene Postcard

Postcard Size: 4"x5.5"
Postcard Type: View card
Printed by:
JMC Press, Inc., Quezon City
Purchased at Goodwill Bookstore

The postcard shows a typical rural scene in the country, with farmers and carabao. In the background is the view of the mystical mountain Mount Arayat in Pampanga.


Mount Arayat, which rises to a height of 1,026 metres (3,366 ft), is 19 kilometers away from Mabalacat, a town that derived its name from the ancient "balacat" trees which were found abundantly in the area.

The back of the postcard reads:
Rural scene, in Mabalacat, Pampanga.
Seen in the background is the famous Mt. Arayat.

M1376: Rural Scene Postcard

Mount Arayat is considered a mystical mountain, the legendary home of the diwata Mariang Sinukuan, counterpart of the Tagalogs' Mariang Makiling. It was said to be dwelling-place of the Kapampangan sun god, Sinukuan.

TRIVIA: There is no recorded eruption of the volcano.

SOURCES:
Mount Arayat Wikipedia Entry
Mabalacat, Pampanga Wikipedia Entry
Pinoy Mountaineer: Mount Arayat